Detection of antibodies specific to herpes type 1 and/or 2 only
Detect IgG antibodies specific to HSV types 1 and/or 2 infection; confirm or rule out possible infection with herpes simplex types 1 and/or 2 virus in prenatal patients in whom HSV infection can cause serious prenatal disease. In a patient with no history of lesion disease, a positive result for this test may be indicative that the primary infection was asymptomatic. Once infected by HSV, it is possible for a patient to shed virus without the development of lesions (asymptomatic shedding). This test does not indicate the site of HSV infection.
Herpes simplex viruses which are more commonly known as herpes, are categorized into two types: herpes type 1 (HSV-1, or oral herpes) and herpes type 2 (HSV-2, or genital herpes). Herpes type 1 most commonly causes sores around the mouth and lips (sometimes called fever blisters or cold sores). HSV-1 may cause genital herpes, but most cases of genital herpes are caused by herpes type 2. In HSV-2, the infected person may have sores around the rectum or genitals. Although HSV-2 sores may occur in other locations, these sores generally are found below the waist.